Telepathy involves the transfer of messages or communication between two organisms without using the five senses, or it can be perceived as extrasensory perception.
Do Ants Use Telepathy? Ants do not use telepathy because they have sign language, a simpler nervous system, and lack coordination between brains due to the structure difference. In addition, they have expressive gestures like the drumming of bodies and waggling, moving their antenna, and releasing pheromones to communicate or make use of trophallaxis.
Insects are not supposed to have telepathic communication because they have simpler bodies and lack a complex system nervous system that can help understand unexpressed thoughts.
Why do ants not use telepathy?
Insects are not telepathic as they do not have advanced brains to read their minds and understand what their fellow wants to say even when it is not showing any gesture or not speaking.
The phenomena of telepathy do not exist in insects like ants, and even most animals are pretty expressive and understand only when other animal or insects creates sounds or show movements.
It can work for higher organisms with advanced brain systems, but the brain of both organisms need to work in the same manner. For example, ants have sign language and lack telepathic power.
Moreover, these insects have simpler brains and lack a large number of neurons that are required separate from the normal working nervous system to transfer a particular signal.
Their brains cannot coordinate similarly due to differences in structure and thinking patterns. In addition, they have different ways of communication for transferring messages to fellows and foes.
They groom and take care of the brood and warn to indicate danger. They mark territories, synchronize their nuptial flights, and entice males.
Furthermore, they can transfer food through their mouth, control the activities of rival species, and recruit members to collect food or fight predators.
How do ants communicate with each other?
Insects have developed different methods of communication as they cannot communicate by speaking or hearing the sounds produced by their nest fellows.
It is a unique method of transferring solid or liquid foods down to the colony members who cannot break tough grains or fruits and cannot digest them.
This feeding method is commonly observed in their colonies and is known as trophallaxis. It occurs when the workers break larger food particles and eat them to store them in the stomach.
A small portion of food gets digested while the remaining part is stored in the crop. This stored portion of food is regurgitated and transferred to the mouth of larvae and queen.
This way, workers take care of the nutrition of other colony members and provide food to them. So, this can be a way of communication when adults transfer food to the mouth of larvae.
These workers or nursing ants transfer food orally or anally, as both are considered trophallaxis when the adults feed the young ones.
Waggle or dancing moves
Insects waggle or dance by exhibiting a particular gait when moving up or down from side to side. This act of waggling is commonly seen in honeybees but is also found in ants.
This behavior is mainly observed in foragers or workers and helps convey foraging-related messages to other nest members that are part of the trail.
Moreover, a foraging leader waggles when it wants to communicate with the following members and tell them the location of food resources to get food.
In addition, the waggling movement recruits workers inside the nest. These nursing ants come closer to foragers and unload the food to prepare them for the next trip.
These insects also display jerky movements and dance when they want to transfer a message to their fellows or even the predators.
Pheromones are chemicals secreted from the glands in the ant’s body and help communicate and control different activities related to the nest.
We often see long rows of ants marching on the ground that can only move in a straight line due to these pheromone secretions.
These chemicals act as cues for these insects that can help every following insect in the detection of secreted chemicals by antennae and follow the same path.
Their antennae contain smell receptors and other chemosensory proteins, which can help detect chemical secretions and allow them to respond accordingly.
All of them do not produce the same pheromones, and every colony releases distinct chemicals, producing a distinguishing body odor that can help in recognition.
Additionally, these insects release different types of pheromones according to the situation, as the foraging trails have a different odor from those produced in dangerous situations.
Drumming of bodies
Ants can also communicate with each other by producing a drumming sound because they are not good at telepathy and lack abilities to read minds.
These insects have to express their thoughts because their fellows cannot get an idea without any particular movement or chemical secretion.
Accordingly, they convey messages by rubbing their body parts, like legs are usually rubbed against the abdomen to produce vibrations detected by others.
They can rub their bodies against hard surfaces to produce a rustling sound that can be heard clearly from behind the walls during nighttime.
It is also known as stridulation when they move antennae or legs against their heads or abdomen.
Such communication occurs between the queen and drones when the queen wants to inform the male about the filling of spermathecal with sperm.
How do ants warn each other?
They have developed a specific mechanism of warning other fellows when they detect danger in their territory or the surrounding areas of nests.
Navigating worker ants cannot fight a bigger predator or an army of insects, so it produces pheromone chemicals to warn other fellows about the possible danger.
Moreover, these chemical secretions recruit an army of nest members to fight off predators and ensure the safety of their territory.
None of the ants’ species have the ability of telepathic communication and rely on signals, cues, and vibrations to understand the message conveyed by their fellow.
They have specific body language to convey a message to the nest fellow or even predators when they want to stop it from coming closer to their territory.
Furthermore, these insects begin to produce loud sounds to create fear among an army of predators looking for a chance to attack their larvae and eggs.
So, it can help warn predators about the fierce response and alert nest members for possible attacks by creating a loud noise or releasing chemicals.